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„ЈАСМИН РЕВОЛУЦИЈА“ – ПРВАТА АВТЕНТИЧНА РЕВОЛУЦИЈА ВО АРАПСКИОТ СВЕТ - ТУНИС

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м-р Игор ЃОРЕСКИ


ABSTRACT


In the past period we have seen a lot of story about Tunisia’s revolution, but few
people understand what exactly happened in this country. It is the High North country on
the African continent with a population which exceeding 10.5 million inhabitants and a GDP
of 9,400$ per capita in 2010219. In Tunisia there are 13% unemployment, below the poverty
live about 3,8% of the population (2005) 220, GDP growth in 2010 was about 3%.221 This
country was one of the most open economies in the region and in the past decade saw
strong economic growth, which slowed down because of shocks in the euro area, since the
EU was a major economic partner of this country. The growth of the economy was not
sufficient to reduce unemployment in the country in recent years. According to research at
The Economist in 2010, Tunisia is classified as an authoritarian state and the so-called
Democracy index of 2.79 and ended on 92nd place from 167 countries.222 Since its
declaration of independence from France 55 years ago, Tunisia had only two presidents who
ruled autocratically and until 2011 demonstrations against the regime were very rare. The
Government are strove to maintain peace in the country by all available means, and every
opposition thought was cat down from her root. Because of Tunisia was a state where with
decades people aren’t opposed to the government and appeared to rule a general lethargy,
without any collective consciousness and hope that the situation can be improved. Until
early 2011 the authoritarian regime and the Western Allies and the United States believed
that the people of this country can raise its voice and dignified life for greater freedom. At
the end of 2010 began demonstrations against authoritarian regime, and organization of
protest in Tunisia, first was performed by means of mass communication - mobile phones
and Internet social networks (Facebook, My Space, and Twitter). Here, we can ask about
dilemma of what is the impact of the Internet, social networks and mobile phones to
organize riots and demonstrations? Are we entitled to say that Tunisia is the first Internet
_________________________________________
219 Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook: Tunisia, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/
geos/ts.html , (пристапено на 24.12.2012).
220 Исто
221 US Department of State, Begraund information: Tunisia, 22.09.2011, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5439.htm
(пристапено на 24.12.2012).
222Houda Mziudet, Tunisia live.net, 29 December 2011, “Tunisia Tops Arab World in Economist’s 2011 Democracy Index,”
http://www.tunisia-live.net/2011/12/29/tunisia-tops-arab-world-in-economists-2011-democracy-index/, (пристапено е на
24.01.2012).



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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