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 Table 1. The preferred solution to the overall Israeli-Palestinian conflict

What is according to you
the preferred final solution
to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict?

1997 2001 2006 2009

Islamic state
in the whole of Palestine

34.9 43.6 52.5 35,9

Arab state
in the whole of Palestine

13.9 12.2 12.9 27,8

Secular and democratic state
in the whole of Palestine

6.4 1.8 3.6 3.5

Bi-national state
in the whole of Palestine

2.1 3.8 3.0 5,8

Palestinian independent state
according to UN 1947 partition plan

7.9 6.2 11.6 9,1

Independent state
in the West Bank and Gaza

28.4 22.9 14.6 15,6

Palestinian entity in West Bank
and Gaza in confed. with Jordan

1.5 0.5 1.0 1.1
Other 4.9 8.9 0.8 1,3
Total 100.0 (1278) 100.0 (1487) 100.0 (1481) 100.0 (1504)

Also, even if a re-coding of the categories in Table 1 is made, between those who support
the whole of Palestine option (Islamic, Arabic, secular and democratic, or bi-national)
and those who support a two-state solution (according to the UN 1947 proposal, West
Bank and Gaza, or confederation with Jordan), the result indicates an even more marked
reduction in the willingness to compromise over territory. In 1997, 57.3 percent of Palestinians
supported the whole of Palestine option, compared to 37.8 percent who supported a
two-state solution. Those supporting the whole of Palestine option had increased to 61.4
percent in 2001, and even peaked to 72 percent in 2006, and slightly decreased to 61.3 in
2009. Support for a two-state solution had decreased to 29.6 percent in 2001, to 27.2 percent
in 2006, and to 24.5 in 2009. Hence, the Palestinian public’s attitudes towards the
two-state solution and Israel have become increasingly intransigent. During the Oslo Accords,
the time was riper for compromises, when the Palestinian public’s willingness for a
two-state solution was at its peak. Palestinians’ increasingly intransigent positions must be
correlated with the setbacks in the overall Israeli-Palestinian peace process (that ended in
September 2000) and the negative impact of the outbreak of the al-Aqsa intifada. The in

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