Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018


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ned states in implementing their cosmopolitan responsibilities were being erected. In fact,
no such safeguards were constituted, as testified by, for example, the further weakening of
the UN, self-exemption of US from the reach of the International Criminal Court, by the
erosion of the democratic capacities of the nation-states (for instance, by measures like the
Patriotic Act, or Guantanamo torture practices).
A consistent contemplation of a transition to a cosmopolitan order under present conditions,
is further complicated by the fact that one of the consequence of the global neoliberal
consensus is the weakening of the state and its capability to respond to the needs
of its citizen. The implementation of the neoliberal paradigme promoting absolute economic
deregulation, placing full trust in the mechanism of the market which will automatically
resolve economic and (eventually) social problem, has incapacitated the state to perform
some of its fundamental classical functions relevant for the wellfare of the community, i.e.
its citizens. When an order is based on the primacy of economy, while the state/society
looses its protective capacity, being subjugated to the market this can, as K. Polany’s
analysis has demonstrated, lead to an impresisive development of the means of production
but also to the catastrophic „dislocation of the lives of common people”, that is, to the
violation of their human (social) rights.
The weakening of the state is the result of two combined processes: privatization and transnationalization.
Within the framework of the dominating neoliberal project, the principle of
privatization is extended not only to proprety but to the realms pertaining to classical functions
of the state. Privatization of the state means that some of the key functions of governance are
transfered to the private sector. This has included, for instance in the US, from the managment
of energy, setting up private jails (in Texas, for example) to waging wars and fighting the
terrorists. It should be particulary noted, that an impressive increase of the number of private
companies that offer security, military services to governments and TNC have appeared. These
companies offer a wide variety of services, from the maintenance of military bases, compiling
intelligence information, scientific research, and training, to sending private armies to the war
fronts. They operate by and large beyond democratic control and accountability, extending the
space of abuse and corruption, and undermining one of the crucial dimensions of state power –
its monopoly over the legitimate use of force.18
This hollowing of the state by the extension of the processes of privatization means
that its cohesive capacities are diminished, while the needs of the citizens in the sphere of
education, medicare, security, etc. are marginalized by the profit interests. The main task of
the state transformed according to the neoliberal principles is internal restructuration and
18 R. Schwarz, „Post-Conflict Peacebuilding: The Challenges of Security, Welfare and Representation“, Security
Dialogue, Vol.36 (4): p.443, 2005.

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