Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

NATO AND THE ENVIRONMENT

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INTRODUCTION
Nowadays, the impact of war on the environment is evident worldwide. Modern civilization is constantly challenged how to mitigate the destructive impact of major military
forces and operations that they undertake in the crisis, but also in other regions. In order organizing ways of warfare, the means used in the conflicts, and especially the issue of the refugees, victims, etc., number of international conventions as part of the international military and humanitarian law are passed and adopted. With these conventions attempt is made to define the conditions that the military force is applied to and the negative effects that it causes. Namely the international conventions establish a prohibition on the use of certain types of weapons, as well as to nuclear tests. But still there is the possibility of nonobservance to provisions of the conventions and in that case there are serious destructive consequences on the environment by leaders requiring military actions.
With the new achievements of military technology modern combat means with high deadly power are made, whose application enables quick solution of certain combat
situations, but the application of such means drastically increases their destructive impact on the environment. Namely the use of the ammunition with depleted uranium, which is more frequently used in local and regional crisis areas, causing particular negative consequences (Mileski, 2011: 140).
The influence of modern military forces on the environment is a result from the application of military destructive power; consequences of the production of means of
warfare and military equipment; consequences from the application of the means of warfare; tests that are made and so on.
Specific danger to human health, flora and fauna is coming from the weapons of mass destruction and their use for military purposes. This includes nuclear, chemical and
biological weapons, owned by large military forces, and also by some terrorist organizations.
The consequences that can arise from the use of weapons of mass destruction by terrorist attacks are serious and with unforeseeable effects (Malish Sazdovska, 2009: 157).
Eco-terrorism includes pollution threats to water supplies, destroying or disabling of power plants, and etc. The purpose of eco-terrorists is intimidation and causing fear and uncertainty among the population, especially due to the inability to limit the possible action of radioactive substances, poison gases, chemical toxins, biological compounds- viruses, bacteria and etc. Special danger is represented by new ways of causing generally dangerous actions, the use of chemical warfare toxins (sarin) and chemical compounds (ciyanide) which can cause serious consequences for human health and wheat, corn diseases, etc. Also eco-



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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