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NATO AND THE ENVIRONMENT

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and have special procedures for using depleted uranium weapons, and decontamination after the actions (Mileski, 2011: 151).
For certain military actions even the International Court of Justice was included, thus in 1999, the court received a complaint from Serbia and Montenegro (former FR Yugoslavia) against ten members of the North Atlantic Alliance, NATO alleged breach of the obligation not to resort to force. Among other things, these claims are based on breach of the obligation not to cause significant damage, and the case against the United States regarding the alleged violation of the obligation not to use prohibited weapons and not cause far-reaching and environmental damage. The case was completed on the basis of lack of jurisdiction (Mrljić, 2010).

NATO AND THE ENVIRONMENT
In order to regulate the environmental impact, NATO takes certain measures and activities aiming at the prevention and overhaul of negative military consequences on the environment. Certain weapons and ammunition used by NATO forces, on the one hand, have serious environmental influence, such as depleted uranium weapons and ammunition. On the other hand, NATO forces carried out a number of measures and activities to protect the environment.
NATO has adopted and “NATO military principles and policies for environmental protection”, in June 2003, which were revised in October 2011. With these the principles of
environmental protection from the military point of view are set. It is the responsibility of military commanders to protect the environment during the preparation and execution of military actions.
The implementation of this policy is supported by various NATO Standardization Agreements (STANAGs) and other publications. While some environmental damages may be an inevitable consequence of the operations, standards can be applied to reduce the effects without compromising operational or training requirements.2
Special emphasis is put on identifying environmental issues that need to be solved during the planning process, instead of after committing the damage. Early consideration of potential environmental impacts should lead commanders to a better understanding of the effects on the environment from the mission. Cleanup of any environmental impacts thatresult from the NATO-led military activities is also a key aspect of policies of STANAG.



2http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_80802.htm accessed 15.11.2012



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
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