Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

NATO AND THE ENVIRONMENT

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NATO pays particular attention to energy security, reducing the danger of environmental risks through disarmament and raising of the awareness and sharing information.4
In this respect NATO forces in countries where they are present with their own missions, beside realization of military purposes they realize activities in the field of
environmental management.5
Among other things this includes environmental protection training. So according to Nate Whelan the Head of NATO special team training for environmental protection “awareness and training are key ways to protect the environment”, and that includes training of troops and military units to protect the environment.6
At least the military should behave in accordance with relevant laws and regulations for environmental protection.7
Among other areas of the environment that are of concern to NATO member states is also food insecurity.8
It is also stated that the main problem is not the total amount of food but its proper distribution. Just changing this situation could save millions of lives and reduce conflict. NATO's comprehensive strategic approach is that Member States should focus more on security requirements of citizens and civil societies, rather than narrowly
focusing on international diplomacy and military equipment for conventional conflicts.
Food can be used for warfare, as for conventional wars with a frontline and for modern terrorist warfare. One example on how food has been used as weapons in a conventional war is the frontline in the Bosnian war in the 1990s. During the Bosnian war, the closure of the sieged cities or areas and limiting the food supply was effective as a weapon for political coercion and city or area bombing. In that war both means are frequently used in combination: limiting food supply and artillery bombing.



4http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_49216.htm accesses 15.11.2012
5 Example Butmir NATO camp in Bosnia and Herzegovina environmental management is one of the objectives, namely monitors the quality of water and soil in the territory of the camp and beyond to prove that there is no contamination by NATO forces and take and other activities.
http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_80802.htm accessed 16.11.2012
6http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/news_84609.htm?selectedLocale=en accessed 16.11.2012
7 According to Lt. Siller,, I once read a good statement: if the world was a bank, we would have kept it long time ago. http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/news_84609.htm?selectedLocale=en accessed 16.11.2012
8 Food security and food safety is not the same thing. Food security is a matter of secure access to food for all people at all times, and under all circumstances. Food security is a strategic target because the food is so essential need of the people. On the other hand, food safety is more civilian subject and deals with the quality of food intended for human consumption, its nutritional value, food hygiene, long-term health effects, additives used in production and so on.
http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2012/Food-Water-Energy/Food-security-importance/EN/index.htm accessed 16.11.2012



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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