Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL POLICY ON SUSTAINABLE PEACEBUILDING THE CASE OF KOSOVO

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water, electricity and medical assistance, dealing with the physical and psychological trauma of their citizens, as well as demilitarization of ex-combatants. All these are activities that traditionally have fallen in the domain of the state.
The collision of the peace building process with the neoliberal reality in which the states exist is obvious. The problems that may arise are recognized in Secretary General
Kofi Anan's report for peace building in Africa. He makes a clear appeal for “easing the conditionality that normally accompanies loans from the Bretton Woods institutions” (Anan, 2004, p. 29) so that economic reforms will not endanger the peace.

THE ROLE OF SOCIAL POLICY
Social policy is part of government's public policy that provides help for citizens facing difficulties regarding employment, health, disability and/or is casualties of violence.
The practices are closely related to Keynesian economic theory which emphasizes the importance of the state, especially in providing employment and increasing production. Therefore it is not surprising that social policy played important role in post-World War II reconstruction of Europe. The policies helped the establishment of the modern welfare state, providing benefits for the full population of a country. Even more, it has been shown that social policy in Western Europe has helped in nurturing security by reducing the possibilities for homegrown terrorism (Burgoon 2006; Krieger and Meierrieks 2010).
Another study by Taydas and Peksen is more revealing regarding social policy and civil conflicts. Analyzing data for period of 30 years, they find that welfare policies that
improve the living standards of citizens diminish the incentives for rebellions. The social policies that yield these results are specific to employment, health and education, unlike general public spending that has no influence either way. Taydas and Peksen (2012) argue that this is owed to the “powerful and effective redistributive instruments that can decrease vulnerability of marginalized citizens” (p. 284). This essentially shows to the people that the government cares for them. The establishment and maintenance of this type of welfare network in turn creates larger costs on the rebellion and gives greater worth to the peace.
Put differently, welfare redistribution up keeps the legitimacy of the state. In a post-conflict setting the number of people who are in need of basic goods and services
is bigger than in peaceful times, and the state may have lost its credibility. Still, peace building operations can be inattentive towards social issues, and the positive effects of social policy can be overlooked. As Cocozzelli explains, political dimensions are usually the primary focus of peace making, which in turn may overlook many of the other issues. To illustrate, the Rambouillet peace accords, that eventually failed to bring peace to Kosovo in 



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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