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NATO, along with the EU, has the authority to tackle this major issue. What means does it have to do so? Two types: security cooperation and targeted actions.
Security cooperation is provided within the framework of the Mediterranean dialogue and the Istanbul cooperation initiative. They cover the strategic area of the «great
Mediterranean region» (Mongrenier, 2012) which goes as far as the Atlantic border regions of the Mediterranean Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Middle East up to the Indus and the Black Sea.
NATO’s Mediterranean dialogue, instituted in 1994, is based upon the principle that security in Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean area
(Mongrenier, 2011). Its general objective is:
to contribute to security and stability in the area to instore better mutual understanding to do away with misconceptions about NATO in the countries that takes part in
the Dialogue. The work programme also includes military elements, with port visits by NATO’s standing Naval Forces, on-site train-the-trainer sessions by mobile training teams and visits by NATO experts.
The Dialogue involves 7 non-NATO member States- Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia.
The Istanbul Cooperation Initiative which was launched at the summit organized in the Turkish capital in June 2004 aims at contributing to long-term global and regional
security by offering countries of the broader Middle East practical bilateral security. UAE, Bahrein, and Qatar are part of the agreement which covers number of security issuesterrorism, NBC weapons, trafficking.
The need for NATO to combine security cooperation and targeted actions with bilateral agreements with the countries of the broader Middle East was emphasized during
the Marseille NATO Parliamentary Assembly summit on April 11-13, 2012, in front of Member States representatives.
These general frameworks are combined with targeted actions. In the first place, UN-sanctioned, NATO-led intervention (UN Security Council Resolution 1973) was the
major intervention in the «Arab Spring». With the support of the US, France and Great Britain started a joined operation, similarly to the war in Afghanistan.
No intervention in Syria is planned, even if some NATO member states have become involved individually- France, Germany, Turkey and the USA.
Active Endeavour, a maritime initiative was launched right after 9/11, 2001, on October 26, 2001(Opération Active Endeavour, 2011). It was the only Article 5 NATO anti-

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