Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

MILITARY OR NON-MILITARY SECURITY

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whether practicing non-military security can successfully meet the security challenges of the new century. Additional dilemma is whether the non-military institutional segments of the state and the international community can successfully address the transnational arms smuggling, the surfacing of different terrorist, insurgent and paramilitary organizations in various geographical areas which influence the regional security ambiance. The impression is that the way in which these threats are addresses by trained and well equipped armed forces gives much better results so far.

MILITARY SECURITY

The military, which has been instituted with the creation of the modern states at the end of the middle century, is tasked to demonstrate the power of the state. There is
almost no sovereign state that does not have its own armed forces15, because they symbolize the coat and armor of the state. Most of the states base the efficient and stabile functioning of the security system, particularly in the defence area, on the capacity of the armed forces, i.e. the military, which as one of the most significant parts of the defense system plays a significant role in the ensuring of the security and defense interests. By definition military is a well organized, political and socially aware entity, which together with the other social groups represents an actor in the social and the political arena. It is made capable for possible use of force when necessity occurs for the protection of the nation from external aggression or internal violence. The military is subordinated to the state institutions and it needs to be distanced from the sphere of the political decision making, though as a social subject it represents a tool of the politics. More precisely, the political subordination of the military does not mean its loyalty to a certain regime or to the policy and ideology of a certain political party, but its subordination to the constitution and the law (Vankovska, 2007).
Basically, the mission of the military is to defend the society from military risks and security threats and to prevent armed threats against the territory, the air and the aquatic space of the state. At the same time, military supports the civilian authorities in their fight against terrorism and organized crime, and participates in the management of natural and other types of emergencies. Military’s participation in peace building, peace keeping and peace stabilization operations on bilateral and multilateral basis always has to be in line with the constitutional and the legal provisions of the state. Furthermore, the military also has a social function to participate in the building of the nation (Manual for Parliament 


15 Vatican, as the smallest state in the world, also has a regular military, the so called Swiss Guard which has one hundred members.



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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