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Members no. 5, Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector: Principles, Mechanisms and Practices, IPU-DCAF, Geneva, 2003). The size of the military, its structure, functioning and the level of its capability to accomplish tasks depend on the defense policy and the economic capacity of the state.
Starting from 1990 onwards, most of the armed forces of the states in the world have passed through phases of drastic structural and personnel reforms. In the postcommunist countries the first steps were aimed at reforms for democratization of the military in order to make it accountable in front of the democratically elected political leadership, as well as to harmonize the resources necessary for the military with the other resources in the society.
The changes in the international political and security arena have called for adaptation of the militaries to the new security environment. The new security challenges have contributed to the internationalization of the military activities. Thus, along with the national tasks, through the prism of the international cooperation, the military is also
engaged outside of the boundaries of the state. The involvement in missions outside the state boundaries is due to at least two reasons. The first one is to manifest military power in order to prevent potential conflicts, i.e. to avoid the possible effects of the ones that have already been initiated, and the second is to contribute to the security of the people in the conflict areas. However, besides its contribution to security, due to its own purpose and the character of activities, the military also creates, directly and indirectly, negative security situations during each engagement. An example for this is the military intervention in Iraq where since March 2003 until the end of 2011 nearly 162 000 people have been killed, of which nearly 114 000 (79%) civilians. Of the total number of killed civilians nearly 3 900 have been children under 18 years of age16. This only confirms the brutality and the negative effects of one military intervention. The impression stands as a warning that military is engaged at times when the economic and political instruments used for managing the globalization fail.
The change of the nature of the security threats in the new century asks for an adapted approach and organization of the institutions to address unconventional intrastate
wars (Knopf, 2007:374-375). (The military of the Republic of Macedonia was also engaged in such conditions in 2001.) Such reasons entail a revolutionary approach to the way of facing an adversary who does not have a formally structured military, an adversary without maneuvering forces and the one who has not been designed for conventional battle. The new security forces have also influenced the conventional defense approach which has led

16Source: (January 2012 )


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