Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018


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to changed military strategy. According to L. Panetta, the change of the defense strategy  also means restructuring of the armed forces that should be smaller, leaner but agile and technologically capable force to confront and defeat any adversary. This asks for adaptation of the military forces which are required to respond to the unpredictable threats and challenges in the future (E.Panetta, 2012).
The new threats require engaging of military potential on one very different and, until now, less exploited battle field. Namely, in the cyber space which is developed as
quickly as the technology itself, together with the war being led for domination over it. This war makes it possible to perform activities that would threaten the national security, and the ones that would be completely independent from the territory and the extensiveness of the physical security resources of the state. Security threats in the cyber space are considered as one of the biggest threats against the international peace in the 21st century (Schneier and Fear, 2003). That forces the creators of the national defense and security policy to have in mind the immediate participation of the military and of the intelligence structures in the newly discovered cyber space. The reason is that both the military and the civilian structures use completely the same technical means. The basic difference lies in the context and the goal because the global electronic connection exposes the security of the overall civilian infrastructure to threats (Tafoya, 2011).
The unconventional conflicts, such as the NATO campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, require a significant military presence, though the military action is secondary to the
political (civilian) decision. Such campaigns involve a significant number of civilian personnel, because in parallel to the combat activities, there is also an immediate contact of the military forces with the local civilian population (Leavenworth, 2006) whose basic human rights and requirements need to be provided for.
Though their shape and scope cannot be determined yet, security threats and challenges in the 21 century become evident. However, this is a space too short to include
the advantages (creating positive sense of security, deterring the possible threats, participation in peace missions or conflict prevention missions …) and the consequences
(significant number of victims and demolishing caused by military actions, big financial expenditures, destruction of infrastructure and natural resources, socially misplaced military veterans …) of the military engagement. Still the fact remains that in the future the military will continue to represent a key security factor in both national and international frameworks, reacting always when the state or the wider community will feel that the vital civilization values and interests have been threatened.

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