Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

MILITARY OR NON-MILITARY SECURITY

Attention: open in a new window. PDFPrintE-mail

 

NON-MILITARY SECURITY
The last decade of this century has been marked by significant changes in the security ambiance. Security primarily from the military sphere has mostly expanded to areas such as the economy, the energy, the societal and the ecological security, with emphasis on the security of the individual. The formal vanishing of the block confrontation, the influence of democracy in the post-regime societies, the creating of a multi-polar world followed by intensive cultural and economic cooperation, together with the interconnection and the integrative processes in the security area, decrease the risks from conventional clashes among the states. At the same time it is considered that the risk of a global military conflict has been significantly diminished although the engagement of the militaries has been increased repeatedly in comparison to the time of the Cold War.
Of course, the globalization, which has made it easier for the security threats and challenges to cross the national borders, should not be forgotten either. The globalization
has contributed to spreading prosperity by accelerating the transfer of trade, technology and ideas, but it can also propagate destabilizing influences. While globalization has brought prosperity to people around the world, its benefits are unequally distributed, creating “have” and “have not” conditions that can spawn conflict. In addition, the
interdependence of the global economy amplifies the local impact of distant crises, as demonstrated by the food, energy and financial disruptions (Casey, 2009).
The globalization has also changed the conventional approach to security where the states were the object of security, and at the same time, the primary providers of
security (Burgess, 2009). Nowadays, something can represent a security issue even if it does not threaten the state. It means that the state does no longer represent the only one and the exclusive reference object of security and that it is no longer possible to equalize security with the traditional military security and the use of force (Panic, 2009:35-37).
The new forms of nationalism, ethnic conflicts and civil wars, the organized crime in all its shapes, the information technology, the biological and chemical threats, the conflicts for energy and life resources, the pandemics, the massive migrations and the transnational terrorism become challenges for the conventional approach to the security threats. In such conditions, none of the states can solve the multitude of security threats alone. The globalized setup makes it very difficult to solve the security threats with the traditional running of the foreign and the defense politics. Hence, security and non-security are not based only on the military power, and at the same time the social, the economic, the cultural and the ecological aspects gain a more significant role (Tuchman, 1989:162-177). One of the non-military threats against security in the world today is also poverty, mainly caused by the development of the rich countries and the underdevelopment of the



Creative Commons License
Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

Copyright © 2012 Security Dialogues. Designed by Cube Systems