Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

MILITARY OR NON-MILITARY SECURITY

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influence on the security at the national, the regional and at the global level. The idea in question is the launching of the missile shield, i.e. the installing of a nuclear warhead ballistic missiles defense system and its promotion as the priority for the national security of one or a number of states. This project has significantly diminished the efforts for demilitarization of certain issues when security is in question. But this is a question that imposes a different approach to security at the global level.

THE CASE OF MACEDONIA

Even when becoming independent in 1991 the Republic of Macedonia found itself in a specific security vacuum. In the moment of gaining independence on its territory
Macedonia had the federal army which was under political influence, and therefore it was difficult to predict its reaction. On the other hand, the referendum which preceded the act of independence was characterized by the non-participation of the second in number ethnic group in the country, which produced distrust between the two most numerous ethnicums. Finally, in that period the Republic of Macedonia was also faced with a disagreeable political and economic position conditioned by the Greek veto for establishing the country on the wider international stage under the constitutional name. In such conditions, more or less successful were the many maneuvers of the then state authorities supported by the international diplomatic factors. However, in the Macedonian society, as in the many postcommunist societies with different political, social and ethnic characteristics and with limited economic resources, the potentials for conflict were structurally incorporated (Mitrevska и соработници, 2009:92) and then in 2001 they escalated in an armed conflict. Except the establishing and the structuring of its own military forces in 1992, the Republic of Macedonia has not yet found a permanent solution for the other two above mentioned problems which follow it since the independence onward and which represent factors of key importance to the security.
In the period from 14 February 1992 till the passing of the Defense Law in the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia, through overtaking the border checkpoint “Ramna Niva” at the Macedonian-Bulgarian border by the reserve military personnel in March and with the arrival of the first recruit in the middle of April the same year, began the
establishing of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia - the ARM. Until 2006 the Republic of Macedonia practiced compulsory military service (except for the special unit comprised of professional soldiers), and since October the same year, it established a fully professional structure. In line with the legislation in force, voluntary military service is practiced in the Republic of Macedonia and it is made possible for the individuals who are assessed to be



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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