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MILITARY OR NON-MILITARY SECURITY

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capable for military service by a competent military medical committee19. The role of the ARM corresponds to the mission of each national military, but the strong political influence at the moment disturbs the hierarchy, the organization and the discipline as the basic principles that every military structure is based on.
Some of the basic security problems in the Republic of Macedonia are the influence of the political parties and the distrust among the different ethnic groups where the most dominating are the differences between the Macedonian and the Albanian citizens. In essence, the problem has a predominating political foundation. The emphasized differences led to open confrontations for the first time in 1994 with the establishing of the then illegal University of Tetovo and the subsequent intervention by the police. The next conflict with an ethnic indicator, which increased the division between the Macedonians and the Albanians, happened in 1997 in Gostivar. The police intervened in this case as well. The opened armed conflict of 2001 resulted in signing of the so called Ohrid Agreement. The different interpretation of the contents of the agreement has led to emerging of institutional parallelism which threatens to open a disintegration process. Objectively, the institutional parallelism itself and the ethnically motivated differences in political, cultural and social sense are the source of the unfavorable security climate and the crucial security problems for the citizens and the state. The parallelism, the derogation of the constitution, the laws and the unselective functioning of the institutions promote an impression of a binational state concept, thus endangering the position of the smaller ethnic communities. This problem does not only require a serious approach and a will for compromise by the political authorities in the state, but it also requires establishing of an applicative model for unselective functioning of all institutional subjects.
The position of the Republic of Greece with regards to the constitutional name of the Republic of Macedonia has not only led to intervention with amendments to the Constitution, but also, since the independence onwards, it has directly influenced the security of the state. Namely, the disability to accomplish the endeavors for Euro-Atlantic integration of the Republic of Macedonia produces conditions for additional security instability in the state, as well as a high risk of regional destabilization. Although indisputable, the international political engagement in this issue has not yet created conditions for overcoming such situation.
In sum, the strong political influence, and particularly the influence of the parties in the ARM goes at the expense of the professional attitude towards the obligations and



19 Article 3 of the consolidated text of the Defense Law, Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia no. 185, dated 30.12.2011



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