Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018


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the duties of its personnel. Furthermore, the frequent interventions in the dimensioning, structuring and the engagement of the army weaken its maneuvering operability. That reflects unfavorably to the level of combat readiness, i.e. the readiness and the training for addressing military threats and challenges20. Such a concept has, inter alia, contributed to developing a strong corruptive network in the defense system which in combination to the ethno-centrically divided civilian institutions has suspended the civilian control not only of the military, but of the other security structures21 as well, and has placed them under immediate jurisdiction of the political (party) interests.
In the years since the independence of the Republic of Macedonia until today a major part of the energy and the capacities of the security structures have been spent on
activities manifesting political revenge instead of aiming them to obtain positive security climate in the state and all the citizens living within. Such a trend of maintaining tensions and potentials for ethnic intolerance further impede the efforts for building a stabile society, threatening the security of the citizens, of the state and, depending on the conditions, of a wider area. Unless the state authorities take radical measures to change this course, the Republic of Macedonia will inevitably face with processes for changing the current governmental structure which by definition means unfavorable security climate for a longer period.

Security in the world has never been dependable on the civilian factors than it is the case today. The globalization processes having led to interdependence of the states economically and financially, which is a reason for massive movements of the people in the world, have an innate security risk that may be transferred anytime and anywhere. Globalization and the new security threats have caused a complete redefinition of the role and function of the defence and security systems. Military has ceased to be a central institution with a classical defence mission as it used to be. On the other hand, even besides the changed nature of the security threats, the military forces remain the principal guarantor of security both at the national and the international level. Military needs to be shaped in the way that would (in coordination with the intelligence and security subjects and the other civilian institutions) effectively meet the security challenges of the 21st century, because there is a war going on in the cyber space that is subjected to the general 

20 For an example, since 2007 the MoD does not have an updated document on the manning with military reserve, and consequently to that a functional reserve military contingent..
21 Absence of accountability in front of the parliament, the allocating of resources, the concealment of documentation with a certain classification level, etc.

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