Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

TRADITIONAL AND CONTEMPORARY CONCEPTS OF SECURITY

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had the same meaning throughout history, meaning that defining security and its content in traditional and contemporary concepts quite differs (Tatalovic, 2006: 64). Therefore, bearing in mind that security is a dynamic phenomenon, the concepts of referent values to be protected, imposed threats, compromised subjects and the ways and means of protection, have also being changed (Mijalkovic, 2009a: 65).
For this reason, the introduction of the term "security concept" stresses that the security is an open and dynamic system where concept, that is, idea of security stands for a long-term process and, in terms of needs and values, a desired environment, something that is yet to be (Kekovic, 2009: 144).
Security concepts29, in fact, represent the theoretical and practical ways of protection, and improvement of specific reference values and interests of certain categories of security subjects, which were established on the basis of relevant security practices, primarily with a view of its improvement. As a matter of fact, the concepts of security are products, but also a mean, of security theory and practice (Mijalkovic, 2009a: 65-66).

TRADITIONAL CONCEPTS OF SECURITY
The idea of security originated in the heart of European political thought of the seventeenth century. It is an idea whose political significance, as well as the meaning of the very word, has changed continuously throughout history, mostly implying the state and the goal of an individuals, groups and countries. Thus, the most consistent sense of security, in this period, was that it represented a state or a goal which created a special relationship between individuals and the state (Rothschild, 1995: 60-61).
The concept that the state is seen as a main provider of security (Bailes, 2007: 1) can be traced back from Hobbes' concept of the legitimate government, which was created by the consent of the people through the social contract, up to Weber's idea of the state monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force. Together, these attitudes represent the basic philosophical pillar of state's role in creating and maintaining a monopoly over the means of force. Namely, since the Peace Treaty of Westphalia (Schreier&Caparini, 2005: 1), signed 1648, it has been adopted the idea that the state is the one that must ensure and provide security to its citizens. The two main principles having arisen from this treaty are the sovereignty and equality of the nations. The state, therefore, has taken a monopoly over the use of force in order to secure its citizens and to ensure its sovereignty against internal and external threats (Pavlovic, 2011a: 5).



29 For more on the analysis of the notion, scope and contets of security see: Baldwin, David, “The Concept of Security”, Review of International Studies, No 23, British International Studies Association, 1997, pp. 5–26.

 



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
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