Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

TRADITIONAL AND CONTEMPORARY CONCEPTS OF SECURITY

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contract as a result of the desire of individuals for security of life and liberty, and pointed out that it represents the main problem which the institutions of the state should provide the solution to (Rousseau, 1964: 290). In Jeremy Bentham’s opinion, the security is seen as a condition for the general welfare, the fundamental social objective, a political joy consisting of survival, abundance, equality, and security, of which the most important is security (Bentham, 1837: 302 - according to: Burke, 2002: 12).
According to the above mentioned, in the scientific analysis of those disciplines where security was a major area of research, the issue of security was, for very long time,
related to the state. The traditional definitions of security started from the observation of the military power  if the state and the general order of those states, and were based on three basic assumptions: the belief that the state is responsible for the security; security policy was directed toward the preservation of the existing situation; military threats required efficient and effective military defense which was the primary interest (Tatalovic, 2004: 50 – in: Vignjevic, 2004: 45–55). The fact that the sovereign state was an exclusive object, but also the subject of safety and security, contributed to the relative stability and predictability of international relations, thus making a sovereign state a major part of the international system whose foundations were laid, and that has essentially stayed unchanged, from the Peace of Westphalia until our days (Simic, 2002: 22). In the period of the bipolar international system, according to the most researchers, the security was seen and defined as “objective state and subjective feeling or conviction" (Dimitrijevic, 1973: 43), so that one was able to talk about security only when "there were no threats imposed to specific default values" (Wolfers, 1952: 485).
It can be confidently claimed that not only the object of the security that was clearly recognizable, but also the nature of the threats, as well as the subject which took care that, by certain procedures, ways and means, it eliminated threats and provided a  desirable state of default values, as well as a sense of serenity. Therefore, since the
establishment of the international system of states, and throughout the period of bipolarism, the security was almost exclusively observed in military terms, while the main
object and the subject of the security idea and system was a sovereign state. Thus, only through increasing its own military power or accessing to relevant associations, the states sought to completely exclude or reduce, as much as possible, the possibility to be defeated in an armed conflict (Simic, 2002: 23). Concerning the above stated, one can note two traditional concepts of security (Mijalkovic, 2009a: 61):



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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