Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

TRADITIONAL AND CONTEMPORARY CONCEPTS OF SECURITY

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a) the concept of national security – the one of the state-centered character where the central place is occupied by traditional vital state values which are taken care of by the state through its security system, and
b) the concept of international security - the one of the international character where the values of the international community and security of the international regions
are promoted and which are taken care of by the states through their international relations, cooperation or through certain international organizations. The traditional
concepts of international security are: balance of power, collective security and world government (See more: Bajagic, 2007: 39-51).
Therefore, it can be concluded that, in traditional terms, security was observed in the spirit of the orthodox concept of the national security, as well as the traditional concept of the international security, which was based on the principles of state-centered security (Mijalkovic&Keserovic, 2010: 62) and that the basic assumption of the traditional concept of security was that the state was secure only when it would achieve a balance between military threats and its own military capabilities to react to them (Simic, 2002: 24).


MODERN CONCEPTS OF SECURITY
At the end of the last century Barry Buzan expressed the view that the traditional concept of security through studying force (realist school, security is the goal) and peace
(liberal, idealistic school, security is a consequence) is not the most appropriate for the understanding that notion, and that such an approach does not provide a clear definition of security. Specifically, B. Buzan said that security should be considered in more comprehensive manner, that is, more openly had it had been observed up to that point, or members of the previous frame of observation, and that a clear difference should be made between concept of security and concept of national security (Buzan, 1991: 24).
Specifically, the end of the Cold War and the collapse of bipolarism affected the manner in which the concept of security was observed, and especially meaningful discussions were led about the nature and the meaning of security. One group of authors insisted on expanding the concept of security through the inclusion of new, broader potential security threats, primarily economic development, environmental degradation, human rights violations and large migratory movements. Another group of authors, starting from the broader dimensions of security, insists on expanding the agenda of security studies by including into researches a number of security segments such as individual or human security, national security or security of the society, as well as regional, international and global aspects of security issue. On the other hand, the third group of authors stuck to the traditional state-centered approach to security issue inserting into it new forms of



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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