Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

FORMS OF ILLEGAL AND FORCED MIGRATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

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Given the foreground the complexity of migration, as well as the causal factor on the migration process itself, we can almost certainly conclude that, migrations from pure
type do not exist. Most often they are complex migrations that are a combination of several different types of migrations. Given the fact that the scientific literature lacks of precisely differentiated and appropriate classification of the types, below elaborated types of migrations, for the development of which used different sources, however, show a certain division (typology) of this complex phenomenon.

FORMS OF ILLEGAL AND FORCED MIGRATION IN MACEDONIA

Illegal and forced migration in the Republic of Macedonia in the last two decades, are taking up one of the priority areas when it comes to maintaining peace and stability in the country. Reasons which led to it are the logical consequences of the conflict in the dissolution of the former SFR Yugoslavia in 1991, Kosovo's post-conflict situation and the refugee crisis of 1999, and the transition period that resulted as a conflict in Macedonia in the 2001. Even today, more than twenty years since the establishment of the independent Republic of Macedonia, illegal and forced migrations of all kinds and shapes represent one of bitter questions for overcoming, because basically they reduce trust in institutions, and encourage the corruption and crime, threatening with it even the whole process of stabilization of the country. When analyzing the forms of illegal and forced migration in the Republic of Macedonia, the basis would only represent the characteristics - illegally migrating, and the existence of a certain kind of enforcement in the process of migrating.

INTELLECTUAL MIGRATION
As "intellectual migration" denote all the migrations of people who relate mainly on migration of highly educated staff, made under the influence of any reason and no matter what factor had caused them. Intellectual migration, or migration of highly educated personnel, mainly takes place due to economic reasons (long-term unemployment), but also influenced by the attractive factors of the country in which are migrating (getting a job in the field, certifications for professional skills, good conditions for scientific research work, etc..). Characteristic example of this type of migration is migration of medical staff (pharmacists and physicians). Although the health sector in the Republic of Macedonia had a shortage of about 500 physicians, and in particular the shortage of doctors specialists in certain areas, however these higher education profiles in the recent years massively decide to leave and look for jobs in another country. Their most common destination are Western European countries, and in particular the Republic of Germany, Austria, and often Slovenia and Croatia. Information show that in 2010, Drug chamber in Macedonia acquired the



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Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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