Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

FORMS OF ILLEGAL AND FORCED MIGRATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

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documents they need to work abroad for 86 doctors, in 2011 the same thing did 121 physician and in the first half of 2012, 30 physicians. This situation is confirmed by the Embassy of the Republic of Germany in the Republic of Macedonia. According to official reports of the embassy, working visas for physicians in Germany since the beginning of 2010 to the first half of 2012 received 60 doctors (in 2010 issued 20 visas, in 2011 35, and in the first half of 2012 5 visas were issued).
Contemporary intellectual migration, gain on difficulty because of the increased potential of the intellectual migration. In efforts to identify potential intellectual emigration
there are only two surveys of migration intentions of students in their final years and teaching academics of several faculties of the University "Ss. Cyril and Methodius "in
Skopje12. They were conducted in 1994 and 2003 at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering (ETF), Mechanical (MF) and the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics (PMF) and they covered 120 or 305 students from the fourth year. At the same faculties in 2003 were interviewed 59 people, scientific workers. These faculties were chosen because they could produce staff that relatively easy find employment abroad. The results of these studies have shown that migration intentions of students of the mentioned faculties are highly expressed. In 1994 three-quarters of students ETF (76%), MF (77%) and Mathematics (75%) said they are considering or planning to leave the country. In 2003 the value of this indicator is even higher because 86.8% of the students of the ETF and MF and 79.2% of PMF said they are considering or planning to go abroad. The same indicator for all students surveyed in the two mentioned years is 75.8% and 84.9%.Research has shown that in the Republic of Macedonia also the situation regarding migration intentions of young academicscientific staff is alarming. In fact, 55.9% of respondents said that they consider, and 10.2% said they plan to leave the country.

MIGRATION OF REFUGEES
The term "refugee migrations" represents all migrating people (usually a group of people) in another country, which occur when the country of migration is affected by a crisis (war, weather, drought, starvation, etc.), and later, when conditions stabilize, they organized return to the country from where migrated.
Despite the fact that the Republic of Macedonia managed to avoid military actions of the 1999 military conflict that erupted with disintegration of former SFR Yugoslavia,
however, from two million people that were displaced during the conflict, about 32,000 


12 In 1994 by the department of Informatics at the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences, and in 2004 by the Institute of Economics in Skopje within the project "Migration of highly educated and professional staff - Causes and Consequences," funded by the Ministry of education and Science.



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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