Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

FORMS OF ILLEGAL AND FORCED MIGRATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

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refugees entered the territory of the Republic of Macedonia. These refugees, mostly escaped from the territories of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, received humanitarian protection by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Ministry of Labor and Social Policy of the Republic of Macedonia. By the end of the war in the former SFR Yugoslavia, thousands of refugees and internally displaced persons have returned to their homes again. However, contrary to the goals of the Sarajevo Declaration of January 2005, which was supposed to immediately and as soon as possible find long-term solutions for all displaced persons, even today, there are still unresolved issues that represent obstacles to their return. The total number of evicted people during the Kosovo crisis, starting from March 24, 1999 (the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia) until the end of June 1999, when after the adoption of UN Resolution mediation of international forces in Kosovo, under the NATO command was signed Peace Agreement between General Jackson and part of Serbian generals, amounted to 379,523 persons. From this number, 92,100 people were transferred to third countries, 154,989 people were placed in Albanian families in the Republic of Macedonia, while, 112,434 refugees were placed in nine camps built specifically for them at the beginning of the
Kosovo crisis.
As a result, tensions between ethnic Macedonians and ethnic Albanians living in Macedonia, which escalated into violent conflict in 2001 (Mitrevska and others, 2009), 76,046 people from areas affected by the conflict in the quest for personal safety and security had moved to other areas in the country. Of these, 72,134 people were placed in families, while 3912 entities found accommodation in 21 shelters. According to the new procedure for the population census in the Republic of Macedonia in 2006 there were 755 entities (256 families) which are still considered as internally displaced people. Of these, 331 were of Macedonian origin, 234 ethnic Serbs, 111 Roma, 62 Albanians and 17 Bosniaks. Of these people, 302 persons (83 families) were placed in families, and the other 452 people (173 families) in reception centers in Kumanovo, Tetovo and Skopje. Today, twelve years later, because of the large number of open questions, the process of reconstruction of houses in areas affected by conflict has not yet been fully completed.
Although a number of countries have already recognized Kosovo as a sovereign independent state, however, the uncertainty of the development of the negotiations between Serbia and Kosovo, as well as unresolved until the end, the status of Kosovo, are a significant hotspot that can potentially lead to a "new" displacement of about 85,000 people who live in Kosovo's ethnically sensitive regions (especially in the northern part of Kosovo). It is indisputable that if it happens, most of them will enter the Republic of Macedonia.



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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