Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

FORMS OF ILLEGAL AND FORCED MIGRATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

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improvement in the last two years, if we follow the trend of this phenomenon (Chart. 1), it can be concluded that has an upper line.

 

MIGRATION RELATED WITH HUMAN TRAFFICKING
The term "human trafficking" represents all migrations of people (without their consent) in a particular country with the purpose of exploitation and abuse in the country where (without their consent - forced) have migrated (Article 418-a of the Criminal law of the Republic of Macedonia).
Human trafficking is a multidimensional problem that is high on the agenda of the Government of Macedonia. With the support of European programs of the European institutions (CARDS, Council of Europe, SECI Center, the Stability Pact, the OSCE, ODIHR and UN), the last ten years, the Republic of Macedonia pays particular attention to the fight against this type of crime. Today, in Republic of Macedonia operates a center for acceptance of human trafficking victims, introducing standard operating procedures for handling for all relevant institutions and the non-governmental organizations responsible for the reintegration of victims, fully implement the re-socialization of the victims. Also, in order to comply with European regulation, Macedonia several times changed the Criminal law for offenses related to human trafficking. Apart from the fact that human trafficking is defined as a crime, with recent amendments to the Criminal Law are provided huge penalties for offenders, particularly perpetrators of offenses related to trafficking of minors (minimum prison sentence of eight years).
Unlike smuggling of people, which is basically related to illegal border crossings, trafficking refers to the violation of fundamental human rights through human exploitation
within organized crime. Today, this phenomenon is less concerned with issues related to illegal crossings in to and out of a country, and are more concerned with issues related to the protection of victims of trafficking (Popovski and Naumovska, 2008) and their rights, and by taking stringent legal measures to punish participants in the trade.

TRAFFICKING - RELATED MIGRATION OF MINORS
The term "trafficking in minors" refers to all the forced migrations from one country to another (Article 418-d of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Macedonia) by
underage persons (under 18 years).



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Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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