Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

FORMS OF ILLEGAL AND FORCED MIGRATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

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What kind of appearance it is, speaks human trafficking report released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the United States which states that in the course of a year
about 600,000 to 800,000 people are victims of human trafficking. Of these, about 70 percent are female and about 50 percent are minors. OSCE reports however, mentions a figure of 1.2 million children (under the age of 18 years, bought or sold to perform domestic work, farm work, work in the mines and in the commercial sex industry, as well as begging or performing minor offenses), that are victims of human trafficking around the world for a period of one year.

In Table.3 are given the data on registered crimes related to trafficking of minors in the Republic of Macedonia for the period 2001 - 2010.It is noticeable that registered traderelated crimes with minors only apply for three years, that is since 2008 when it is introduced a new and separate criminal act - trade with minors. It is recorded a significant reduction in offenses related to the trafficking of minors so the trend of this phenomenon (Chart. 3) has a downside, which of course leads to the conclusion that significantly improves the work of the competent authorities of the Republic of Macedonia related to the prevention of trafficking with minors.

 

MIGRATION TO COMMIT CRIMINAL ACTS
"Migrations to commit criminal acts" are a specific kind of migration so as to migrant during the illegal stay in the land in which temporary migrated, perform criminal acts and then return to the country that migrated from (Article 418-c of the Criminal Law of the Republic of Macedonia).
This type of migration mainly refers to the frequent cases (fraud, extortion, theft, murder, etc..) When the perpetrators of a crime in the Republic of Macedonia migrated (refuge) through border points in order to avoid being detected and detained, or in case when citizens of neighboring states (Kosovo, Serbia) "illegally" entering the Republic of Macedonia in order to commit a criminal act, and quickly return to the country where they came from to avoid being detected and caught.
Despite the fact that there are no precise data on the number of offenders and the number of this type of crime, we can conclude with certainty that are recorded a number of "serious crimes" (armed robbery Eurostandard Bank the center of Skopje, murder of five people near Lake Smilkovsko etc..) where the perpetrators of these crimes have migrated to neighboring countries.

CONCLUSION

Starting from the constitutional provisions with whom basic human rights and freedom and respect for the generally accepted norms of international law are established as the fundamental principles of the constitutional order, and having regard to the Stabilization and Association Agreement and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Government of the Republic of Macedonia, reacting decisively to fight illegal and forced migration and wanting to achieve higher levels of
efficiency and joint action, in 2001 set up the National Commission for Fight against trafficking with human beings and illegal migration with one goal, to be actively engaged in the international community's efforts to prevent and fight against illegal and forced migration, people smuggling and trafficking, as one of the most severe forms of organized crime.
This committee manages the National Coordinator, and the content works an Office - a body that is responsible for accepting and implementing the decisions of the National Commission that includes representatives of international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, embassies and government bodies. To give special emphasis on improving the protection of trafficking in minors, under the National Commission in 2003 was established subgroup for children - victims of trafficking.



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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