Call for papers vol 9, no. 1, 2018 is open until 30 March 2018

IDENTIFYING POINTS OF INTERACTION BETWEEN TERRORISM AND ORGANIZED CRIME

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kleptocratic or criminal states that may consider sponsorship or support of criminal or terrorist activity of strategic value.
The nature of a relationship between a criminal and terrorist group varies in terms of longevity and depth. They range between the ad hoc (i.e. one point in time) to longerterm strategic alliances; and, are formed for a variety of reasons such as seeking expert knowledge (i.e. money-laundering, counterfeiting, or bomb-making) and/or operational support (i.e. access to smuggling routes and safe havens). In theory cooperation potentially provides significant benefits for both parties involved, including everything from access to previously unobtainable know-how and materials, to the destabilization of political structures (i.e. through corruption and violence) and international counter-terrorism or anticrime policies through the undermining of trust between state actors. Regardless of the country which hosts a crime-terror connection, mapping the associated dynamics and resultant implications of such interaction often reveals a network that extends from an international to community context. Thus in a policy context, the existence of any crimeterror connection merely highlights the fact that law enforcement, homeland security and national security are intrinsically linked together.

FACTORS WHICH IDENTIFY CRIME-TERROR INTERACTION
Factors which encouraging ‘links’/cross-over/cooperation from the point of view of organized crime group are following:
• Drug traffickers benefit from terrorists’ military skills and obtain protection for illicit drug cultivation or trafficking in areas under guerrilla/terrorist control.
• Terrorist destabilization of political and economic structures may create favourable environment for organized crime activities.
• Law enforcement preoccupation with countering terrorism may divert attention from organized crime activities.
• Political-terrorist label provides extra degree of ‘intimidation’ (Naylor, 2002:56). 
Yet again, there are also a few, but decisive, arguments which speak against close links: 
• Terrorist group may extort drug-trafficking organizations;
• Terrorist group might take over ‘businesses from organized crime group.
Three major factors condition close interactions between terrorists and other criminals. A strongly disposing condition is the existence of trans-state nationalist, ethnic, and religious movements. Their trans-border identity networks – based on shared values and mutual trust – provide settings conductive to collaboration between terrorists and
criminals. A second condition is the occurrence of armed trans-border conflict. Armed conflicts spawn criminal groups and provide incentives and opportunities for



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Security Dialogues by Toni Mileski is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at sd.fzf.ukim.edu.mk.

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